Representing the major borohydride commercially produced and consumed and known to be a good hydrogen carrier and host, sodium borohyride is employed in myriad of applications including pulp bleaching, removal of heavy metals from waste water and reduction of textile wastes.
Sodium borohydride has benefits over other methods of storing hydrogen thanks to its non-flammable/non-explosive and environmental friendly nature; capability to transform sodium metaborate yielded by the reaction back into sodium borohydride; sodium borohydride and water acting as co-origin of hydrogen content derived; and smooth freight and passenger transport in vehicles. In near future, in parallel to the progressive widespread use of hydrogen as a fuel, sodium borohydride will turn out to be an important product in energy arena. Besides its capability to storage hydrogen, it can also be used directly as fuel in fuel cells.
Atomic reactors employ boron steels, boron carbide and titan boron alloys. As a neutron absorbance, stainless boron steel is preferred. Almost every boron atom absorbs one neutron. For this reason, boron (10B) is used in control systems and cooling pools of atomic reactors, and in alarmed shut-down of the reactor.
Besides, colemanite, a kind of boron ore, is employed for the storage of nuclear wastes.